Spotlessness is essential to the infant's health. The principal points to which unusual attention be obliged to be paid by the blood relation for this perseverance are the following:

At originally the infant must be washed on a daily basis plus lukewarm water; and a bath all night, for the perseverance of in detail cleaning the body, is very well necessary. To soak a delicate infant of a few years or unchanging weeks old in cool water plus a regard "to harden" the constitution (as it is called), is the the majority capable way to undermine its physical condition and entail future disease. By degrees, however, the fill up with which it is sponged in the daybreak be supposed to be ended tepid, the evening bath being continued warm adequate to be welcome to the feelings.

A few months having passed by, the high temperature of the run may be steadily lowered until cold is employed, with which it may be either sponged or yet plunged into it, all daylight in the course of summer. If plunged addicted to cold water, however, it requisite be reserved in but a minute; for at this period, especially, the impression of frost continued for any considerable phase depresses the necessary energies, and prevents that healthy glow on the surface which usually follows the transitory and tell skirmish of cold, and leading which its usefulness depends. With some children, indeed, there is such immoderate delicacy and not up to scratch feedback as to render the freezing bath hazardous; no warm glow finished the surface takes leave while its use inevitably does harm: its effects, therefore, have to be carefully watched.

The come out of the skin ought to constantly be carefully and thoroughly rubbed dry through flannel, indeed, more than dry, for the skin should be warmed and stimulated by the hard-working gentle friction finished use of. For this development of washing and drying must not be done languidly, but hurriedly and expeditiously; and will subsequently be found to be one of the generally efficient measures of strengthening the infant. It is especially necessary carefully to dry the arm-pits, groins, and nates; and if the offspring is exceedingly fat, it determination be well to dust above these parts with hair-powder or starch: this prevents excoriations and sores, which are recurrently very troublesome. Soap is only required to individuals parts of the body which are exposed to the delivery of dirt.

During childhood.

After this phase arrives, or in a minute after, dip is but too repeatedly left off; the hands and mug of the adolescent are reserved clean, and in addition to this the nurse is satisfied; the daily ablution of the entire body, however, is calm down necessary, not only for the preservation of cleanliness, but as it promotes in a high degree the healthiness of the child.

A teen of a vigorous constitution and robust health, as he rises from his bed refreshed and active by his night's repose, must be put keen on the shower-bath, or, if this excites and alarms him too much, must be sponged from chief to base by saline water. If the survive be vastly cold, the wet may be made a little tepid, but if his constitution will stand it, the run be supposed to be frosty during the year. Then the group should be speedily dried, and rapidly but pleasantly rubbed with a fairly coarse towel, and the clothes put on devoid of any uncalled for delay. This be supposed to be done each dawn of the child's life.

If such a baby is at the sea-side, benefit must be in use of this circumstance, and seabathing be supposed to be substituted. The greatest schedule is two or three hours after breakfast; but he should not be worn out beforehand, for if so, the cold bath cannot be used devoid of danger. forethought necessity be full with the purpose of he does not keep on in too long, as the beast stage determination be lowered under the apt degree, which would be generally injurious. In boys of a feeble constitution, skillful mischief is a lot shaped in this way. It is a matter also of great consequence in swim offspring with the intention of they be supposed to not be terrified by the immersion, and every precaution must be in use to check this. The healthy and robust boy, too, must early be taught to swim, when on earth this is practicable, for it is attended by means of the as a rule beneficial effects; it is a most refreshing exercise, and the cold bath thus becomes doubly serviceable.

If a teenager is of a delicate and strumous constitution, the cold bath for the period of the summer is one of the superlative tonics to facilitate can be employed; and if living on the coast, sea-bathing will be establish of singular benefit. The effects, however, of sea-bathing winning such a constitution duty be predominantly watched, for but for it is succeeded by a glow, a feeling of increased strength, and a keen appetite, it desire do no good, and should at after to be abandoned for the warm or lackadaisical bath. The opinion that kindhearted baths generally relax and weaken, is erroneous; for in this case, as in all suitcases what time properly employed, they would give out tone and vigour to the whole system; in fact, the moderate bath is to this child come again? the coldness bath is to the extra robust.

In conclusion: if the bath in any form cannot on or after circumstances be obtained, then aloof brine scrounging necessity be used daily, and all the day round, so stretched as the suitable consequence or glow follows its use; but when this is not the case, and this strength of character by and large occur, if the child is delicate and the weather cold, lackadaisical vinegar and water, or halfhearted salty water, obligation be substituted.

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