Vegetable Cultivation in Your Gardens

Before taking the vegetable garden individually, I will describe the general practice of culture, which applies to everyone.

The goals of the culture are three to get rid of weeds, and to stimulate growth (1) leaving the air in the soil and releasing the food plant unavailable, and (2) retaining moisture.

As for herbs, the gardener of any experience need not be told the importance of maintaining its own harvests. He learned from bitter and costly experience the price of letting them get anything resembling a start. He knows that for one or two days 'growth, after they were good high, followed perhaps a day or so of rain, could easily double or triple the work to clean up a correction or onions carrots, and where herbs have reached any size they can not be taken out of crops planted without much damage. It is also, or should, that growth Daily 's just means so much food available plant stolen from under the very roots of its legitimate crops.

Instead of letting the grass go with any food plant, it should provide more, because the culture and frequent not only break the ground up mechanically, but left in the air, moisture and heat while carrying out these essential chemical changes necessary to convert not available to plant food available. Long before science in the case has been discovered, farmers soil had learned through observation that the need to keep the soil well separated on their crops growing. The aboriginal same dégingandé and uneducated ay ensured that his squaw has not only set a bad fish under the hill of maize handled hoe its shell over it. The plants must breathe. Their roots need air. You might as well expect to find attractive glimmer of happiness on the cheeks blêmes of a slave's child cotton mill as to the count to see the dark-green lush flora in a healthy garden suffocated.

While important than the question of air is that the water falls around him. You can not see first what the substance of culture often has to do with the water. But pause a moment and look into it. Take a strip of blotting, plunge one end into the water, and watch the moisture run up the hill, soak in the blotter. Scientists have marked that capillary attraction water ramp up small tubes invisible formed by the texture of the blotter. Now take a similar piece, cut it through, hold the two cut edges firmly together, and try them again. The moisture refuses to cross the line connection has been divided.

In the same way water stored in the soil after a rain starts again immediately to escape into the atmosphere. This on the surface evaporates first, and it has soaked in it begins to soak in through the soil on the surface. It leaves your garden, by the millions of tubes of ground, just as surely as if you had a two-inch pipe and a gasoline engine, pumping in the night and day gutter! Unless your garden by stopping the loss. That's the easiest thing in the world to cut the pipe in two. At the culture common ground outside of not more than one or two inches deep for most small vegetables tubes are kept ground broken, and a mulch of dust is maintained. Try to get over every part of your garden, particularly where it is not shaded, once every ten days or two weeks. Does this seems like too much work? You can push your hoe wheel through, and keep the mulch and dust as protection, as quickly as you can walk. If you wait herbs, you almost have to crawl through, doing more or less difficult by touching your plants growing, losing all the food plant (and they take the cream) that they have consumed, and putting really more hours of work infinitely more unpleasant. If the beginner gardening was not convinced by the facts, there is only one thing left to convince him to experience.

After giving so much space because of the constant care in this matter, the question of methods follows naturally. Get a hoe wheel. The kinds easiest you will save not only a number of work hours and endless, but do the work better, much better it can be done manually. You can grow good vegetables, especially if your garden is very small, without any of these work-savers, but I can assure you that you do not regret the small investment needed to get it.

With a hoe wheel, work the mulch to preserve soil becomes very simple. If you do not have a hoe wheel, because small areas very fast work can be done with the scuffle hoe.

The material to keep herbs cleaned out rows and between plants in rows is not so quickly accomplished. Where manual work is necessary, the leaves to be done immediately. Here are some practical suggestions to bring this work to a minimum, (1) to make this work while the ground is soft, as soon as the soil begins to dry out after rain is the best time. Under such conditions herbs withdraw by the roots, without interruption. (2) just before weeding, are above rows with a hoe wheel, cutting just deep, but just as closely as possible, leaving a narrow band just obvious that must be hand-crop. The best tool is to this end the double wheel with hoe attachment disk, or hoes for large factories. (3) ensure that not only herbs are from but that every inch of soil surface is broken up. It is fully as important as the herbs are pushing just destroyed, as the largest be fired up. A race of sarcloir or fingers to destroy plants hundred herbs in less time than grass may be withdrawn after it gets a good start. (4) use a small hand-sarcloirs until you become skilled with him. Not only can more work be done but the fingers will be saved unnecessary use.

The skillful use of the hoe wheel can be acquired only by practice. The first thing to learn is that it is necessary to observe the wheels only: blades, the disc or rakes will take care of themselves.

From Operation hilling consists of preparing the ground about the plants growing stems, usually at the second or third houement. He used to be a practice hill everything that could hilled up, eyebrows but was gradually laid for what is called culture level , and you'll easily the reason, what has been said about the escape of moisture from the soil surface; naturally for the two sides of the hill above, which can be represented by a triangle with a horizontal équilaterale side, give the surface more exposed than the surface level represented by the base. In moist soil or seasons hilling may be recommended, but very rarely otherwise. It has the additional disadvantage of making it difficult to maintain the mulch soil that is so desirable.

Rotation of crops.

There is another thing to consider making each vegetable do its best, and this rotation crop, or the following of any vegetable with a different way the next planting.

With some vegetables such as cabbage, it is almost imperative, and practically all are helped by them. Even onions, which are popularly supposed to be the exception to the rule s'avérante, are more healthy, and are also good harvest after another, if the soil is too finely pulverized and a rich harvest onions previous start him.

Here are the basic rules of crop rotation:

(1) the same vegetable crops or vegetables from the same family (such as turnips and cabbage) should not be followed.

(2) vegetables that feed near the surface, like corn, should follow the harvest of deep-rooted.

(3) vines or leaf crops should follow crop roots.

(4) the Fast-growing crops should follow those who occupy land throughout the season.

These are the principles that should determine the rotation to be followed in different cases. The appropriate way to deal with this matter is through the planting plan. You will then have time to do it properly, and will not give any thought for a year.

With the above suggestions in mind, and made use, it will not be difficult to give special attention these crops which are necessary for them to do their best.

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